Waste Trade=New Economy


Waste Trade v.s Raw Material

Can we consider waste trade the best solution for waste recycling an for a sustainable future?

Waste elimination, reduction, and recycling programs are undermined by nations who manage waste by exporting it to other countries. It is particularly alarming to note that some nations who are promoting Zero Waste goals, are also exporting their waste to other countries. The main target for a correct waste recycling is the Raw Material use reduction.

That’s mean that:

  1. We have to reduce waste production
  2. We have to save energy while we’re recycling waste

In other words I can find a lot of good waste trading web site where I can buy scraps and sell scraps and secondary material:

  1. http://www.wastexchange.co.uk
  2. http://www.wastexchange.eu (Alternative address)
  3. http://www.borsarifiuti.com (Italian and European Market)
The Wuppertal Institute (European Commission, 2003) has calculated that the following amounts of waste are generated in producing everyday products: Toothbrush = 1.5kg Mobile phone = 75kg Personal Computer = 1,500kg Consumption of natural resources and the associated impacts on the environment can therefore be reduced by re-using or recycling products at the end of their lives and by designing them in a more eco-efficient way. In terms of greenhouse gas emissions, it is estimated (European Commission, 2003) that recycling one tonne of paper saves 900kg of CO² equivalent, over the production of virgin paper. The corresponding figures for PET plastic and aluminium are 1,800kg and 9,100kg respectively. Not withstanding the above, academic research suggests that in some cases the overall impacts from recycling certain products make this a less sustainable option than utilising virgin materials to manufacture them, or recovering the energy locked up in them once their useful life is complete. These arguments gain support because in most cases there is no evidence to suggest that the general supply of non-renewable mineral resources is threatened by the quantities we are consuming. Analyses of this type are highly dependent on where the ‘boundaries’ are drawn, and in some cases fail to take account of the wider societal implications of materials consumption.

Conclusions

The keys to success are correcting market failures in the process chain, putting in place a strategic planning framework for resource management, and coordinating the various key sectors. Lifestyle and behaviour change is also a very major issue and coordinated action at a strategic level to research, develop and test effective approaches is needed. Government has a key role in creating the overall climate for resource management and its support for the type of approach outlined in the paper is vital. Without its leadership on this societal change agenda we fear that there will be substantial inertia, delay and inability to meet EU targets across many sectors. Further, what will be put in place will be an inefficient system that will take another 10-20 years to correct at a huge cost. Thus, the way forward is to lift one’s sights to a wider horizon and to the best means to deliver what is required. Adoption of these concepts would require the establishment of an integrated performance and monitoring framework to set targets for the various sectors and track their achievement.

One Response

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